A survey has revealed that not just illiterate but even educated people are not aware about proper use of antibiotics and dangers of antibiotic resistance.
Scientists at Pune based National Chemical Laboratory conducted the survey with a select group of 504 persons covering all strata sections of society. Nearly half (47%) of the people were unaware of the difference between over-the-counter drugs and antibiotics.
One in four believed that dose-skipping does not contribute to antibiotic resistance, while one in ten practiced self medication. One in five bought medicines without prescription or started an antibiotic course by merely calling a doctor without proper medical examination, according to results of the survey published in journal Current Science.
"The survey results underline the fact that there is a need to educate people about antibiotic usage, disposal and dangers of irrational use, "said Dr. Anu Raghunathan, who conducted the survey along with her colleague Dr. Deepanwita Banerjee.
Further, more than half of the postgraduates surveyed were not aware that there was a red line on the medicine strips and this indicates that it is a prescription drug and its over-the-counter sale is not allowed. The situation was worse among less educated respondents – 71% undergraduates and 58.5% graduates were ignorant about the 'red line' introduced on antibiotic strips.
Among Illiterates, none had any idea about the significance of the red line or for that matter specificity of antibiotics towards bacterial infection. They neither could differentiate between on the counter sale drugs and antibiotics, nor were they aware of antibiotic resistance. They could not differentiate between viral and bacterial infections and were unaware of the fact that antibiotics are not used to cure viral infections. Many respondents were also ignorant about the need to check expiry date on antibiotic strips.
Excessive antibiotic usage and skipping of prescribed antibiotic dose are major reasons for pathogens develop ingresistance to antibiotics. But a majority of people tended to skip the dose and even stop the prescribed course once they felt better. The survey indicates that educated population is the highest consumers of antibiotics and self medication on regular basis was observed in this group.
"There is a need to implement an educational and public awareness programs and to administer appropriate antibiotic control policies which can prohibit availability of drugs without a medical prescription," Dr Raghunathan told India Science Wire. (India Science Wire)