Two Indian scientists to receive prestigious agriculture research award

Two Indian scientists to receive prestigious agriculture research award

MALAWI: Two Indian scientists whose work will have a pathbreaking impact across global agriculture have been named for a prestigious research award by the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT). The scientists -- both women -- urged more women to join the field of scientific research despite gender biases.

Dr Mamta Sharma and Dr Pooja Bhatnagar-Mathur are joint recipients of the Doreen Margaret Mashler Award for 2018, for significant work in their respective research fields of plant pathology and biotechnology. The award is ICRISAT's highest honour for research and was announced by its Governing Board.

"The next few decades will see cutting-edge technologies in science for huge opportunities in India. If youngsters pursue a career in science with focus, perseverance and planning, they can become leaders of innovation and address the unmet needs of the country," Dr. Sharma said. "Women, whether in science or elsewhere, work extra hard to overcome inherent gender biases to prove themselves. Rather than special incentives, women can be provided an environment to allow effective working."

Dr. Mamta Sharma

रिसर्च : वातावरण में बढ़ती कार्बन डाइऑक्साइड की मात्रा फसलों में बढ़ा सकती है कीटों का प्रकोप

Dr Sharma encourages young women to take up a career in science. She specializes in epidemiology of plant diseases and pathogens, focusing on disease-resistant breeding in chickpea and pigeonpea, two of ICRISAT's mandate crops. In 2017, she led the team that developed the Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) method to identify a pathogen affecting chickpea and over 500 crops globally. She also established the Center of Excellence on Climate Change Research for Plant Protection to address effects of climate change on insect-pests and diseases.

History of food rooted in old, extraordinary agriculture traditions

Dr Sharma's work on identifying new multiple disease-resistant sources has helped researchers in breeding programs across the globe understand the mechanism of inheritance of resistance. Her climate variability work on diverse patho-systems will have major bearing on developing risk maps, models for diseases and insect-pest prediction as well as adaptation and mitigation strategies for sustainable crop production.
Co-recipient of the award, Dr Pooja Bhatnagar-Mathur led an international, multi-institutional effort, for innovative biotechnology solutions to combat aflatoxin in groundnut using a 'double-defense' approach. These include engineering groundnuts to stop Aspergillus flavus ungus by production of small proteins called defensins. In the second approach, the synthesis of aflatoxin by the fungus was shut down using gene-silencing RNA molecules. This breakthrough resulted in resistance to fungal infection as well as remarkably low levels of aflatoxin contamination.

Dr. Pooja Bhatnagar

Dr Bhatnagar-Mathur also worked towards successful isolation and characterization of the gene responsible for cytoplasmic male sterility in pigeonpea. As a result, ICRISAT filed its first ever patent in 2016-17. It holds great potential to induce and control male sterility in other crop species, thereby providing male sterile lines for developing scalable hybrid systems.
Describing the Mashler Award as her motivation to contribute even more to her professional goals, Dr Bhatnagar-Mathur said that she intended to build mutually beneficial newer collaborations and partnerships that ultimately benefit smallholder agriculture. Over the years, her goal-oriented approach, interpersonal skills and a 'can-do' attitude have helped her overcome many challenges, she says.
Her advice to aspiring scientists is, "Building supportive professional and personal networks is critical; equally important is to know how research funding flows and works to deliver on your mission."
"Attitudes and beliefs arising due to socio-cultural norms create hurdles for women, leading to gender biases at the workplace," says Dr Bhatnagar-Mathus. "As scientists, women sometimes get marginalized in collaboration networks, and this leads to compromised self-beliefs and fewer women in leadership positions. It is time we work together to address issues that women in science face to bring things at par. Only when we get there, everyone will benefit."
The award includes a plaque and a citation for each awardee. It will be presented during the ICRISAT Governing Board meeting in 2018.
(This story was first reported by ICRISAT and comes under a content sharing arrangement)

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